The Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum (Chinese: 明孝陵; pinyin: Míng Xiào Líng) is the tomb of the Hongwu Emperor, the founder of the Ming Dynasty.
It lies at the southern foot of Purple Mountain, located east of the historical center of Nanjing, China. Legend says that in order to prevent robbery of the tomb, 13 identical processions of funeral troops started from 13 city gates to obscure the real burying site.
The construction of the mausoleum began during the Hongwu Emperor's life in 1381 and ended in 1405, during the reign of his son the Yongle Emperor, with a huge expenditure of resources involving 100,000 laborers. The original wall of the mausoleum was more than 22.5 kilometers long. The mausoleum was built under heavy guard of 5,000 military troops.
The mausoleum complex suffered damage during the mid-19th century Taiping War, but was restored during the Tongzhi era thereafter. Along with the Ming Dynasty Tombs north of Beijing, the Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum of Nanjing was inscribed by UNESCO as part of the World Heritage Sites "Imperial Tombs of the Ming and Qing Dynasties".
This article is licensed under the Creative Commons BY-SA License. It uses material from Wikipedia content.